Equine Management

EQ 101 Western Horsemanship I
2 credits (fulfills equitation requirement)
Instruction includes position and schooling in the basic gaits, riding ring etiquette and safety, basic pattern work and development of competency and/or increasing competency in the western seat.  Riding theory, equipment usage, patterns, and show ring procedures are included.  It should be noted that all riding classes at Cazenovia College encompass a combination of theoretical work with the ridden application of that theory. A student may repeat this course once for credit.  There is an additional fee for each course. (Offered annually) Prerequisite:  Students not competent at a minimum skill level of 1 will be required to take private lessons until competency is met.  There is an additional fee for private lessons.
 
EQ 102 Hunter Seat Equitation I
2 credits (fulfills equitation requirement)
Instruction includes schooling in the basic gaits, riding ring etiquette and safety, and development of competency and/or increasing competency in the hunter seat.  Riding theory, common equipment usage, jumping and show ring procedures are included. This course may be taken twice for credit.  It should be noted that all riding classes at Cazenovia College encompass a combination of theoretical work with the ridden application of that theory. A student may repeat this course once for credit.  There is an additional fee for each course. (Offered annually) Prerequisite:  Students not competent at a minimum skill level of 1 will be required to take private lessons until competency is met.  There is an additional fee for private lessons.
 
EQ 103 Dressage I
2 credits (fulfills equitation requirement)
Instruction includes schooling in the refinement of the dressage seat, basic gaits and paces within the gaits (with emphasis on improvement by use of the training scale), figures, possibly including movements up to and including USEF “First Level”, basic lateral work, riding ring etiquette and safety, and development of competency and/or increasing competency in dressage. Some more advanced work (medium gaits and more advanced lateral work) may also be included, dependent upon the progression of the rider and horses.  Emphasis will be placed upon the logical sequencing of movements in a training program.  Show ring procedures are included.  It should be noted that all riding classes at Cazenovia College encompass a combination of theoretical work with the ridden application of that theory. A student may repeat this course once for credit.  There is an additional fee for each course. (Offered annually) Prerequisite:  Permission of the instructor. 
 
EQ 104 Reining I
2 credits (fulfills equitation requirement)
Instruction includes all reining maneuvers, slow small and large fast circles, spins, lead changes, rollbacks, sliding stops and back-ups.  These maneuvers are done in a specific order, which are called patterns.  These patterns will be performed at a high degree by students at the end of the semester.  The student will also gain knowledge of the NRHA judging system.  Riding theory, equipment usage, patterns and show ring procedures are included.  It should be noted that all riding classes at Cazenovia College encompass a combination of theoretical work with the ridden application of that theory. A student may repeat this course once for credit.  There is an additional fee for each course. (Offered annually) Prerequisite:  Permission of the instructor. 
 
EQ 105 Pleasure Driving I
2 credits (fulfills equitation requirement)
Instruction includes knowledge of the harness, carriage and hitching the driving horse, driving etiquette and safety, and development of competency and/or increasing competency in driving in both indoor and outdoor settings.  Long lining, show driving, obstacle and cones driving as well as cross country driving practices and procedures are included. Safe methods of working around the pony/horse and vehicles will be stressed at all times, therefore participants need not have prior knowledge of equine driving, but it is necessary to have basic horsemanship knowledge and skills.  It should be noted that all riding classes at Cazenovia College encompass a combination of theoretical work with the ridden application of that theory. A student may repeat this course once for credit.  There is an additional fee for each course. (Offered fall semester) Prerequisite:  Permission of the instructor.
 
EQ 110 Introduction to Equine Management
3 credits (CS)

This course introduces the new equine studies major to the field of Equine Studies. Time in class is spent discussing a wide variety of topics to ensure that students have a solid grasp of the diverse nature of the industry in which they intend to work. A beginning emphasis is placed on the past, present and future of the equine industry and the current career possibilities available in the industry. Other topics emphasized in the course include the evolution of the horse to the animal we work with today; equine behavior; basic equine structure and conformation; types and breeds of horses; equine sports and other rotating topics dependent upon current issues in the industry. Students outside the equine major may enroll if space allows but should recognize that some of the course material and assignments are specifically designed for those seeking the BPS in Equine Business Management. There is a course fee.  Student must pass with a "C" or better. (Offered fall term)

EQ 113 Tractor Driving
½ credit (CS)

This course is designed to provide students with the opportunity to learn to safely drive a farm tractor.  Students will have actual lab time on the tractor at the equine center in addition to the theoretical aspects related to machinery use.  Students will identify and utilize the safety equipment relating to tractors and auxiliary machinery, demonstrate safe driving (and backing) of a tractor (with and without a spreader) and demonstrate proper hitching of auxiliary equipment. (Offered Spring terms) Prerequisite: Students must have a valid driver's license.

EQ 115 Equine Care Techniques I
2 credits (CS)

This course is designed to ensure that students develop competencies in required hands-on skills evaluated as a part of each student’s skills assessment program. Students in the equine program are required to enroll in this course during the first available semester of their freshman year. Transfer students are required to enroll during their first semester in the program. In order to successfully complete this course each student must demonstrate competency in skills emphasized throughout the course. Students who fail to demonstrate competency in all of the necessary skills will be required to re-enroll in this course until competency is demonstrated. Students must earn minimum of "C" grade to pass. (Offered fall term)

EQ 121 Equine Selection, Improvement, Judging
3 credits (CS)

This course emphasizes the importance of correct structure in the area of form to function. The course of study includes current standards of equine excellence for the selection and improvement of breeding and show stock. Emphasis is placed on judging procedures for the English and Western horse and rider. (Offered alternate year spring term)
 
EQ 201 Western Horsemanship II
2 credits (fulfills equitation requirement)
Instruction includes refinement of position and schooling in the various forms of the gaits, riding ring etiquette and safety, increasing competency in pattern work and basic trail class work and development of competency and/or increasing competency in the western seat.  Riding theory, equipment usage, patterns, and show ring procedures are included. A student may repeat this course once for credit.  There is an additional fee for each course. (Offered annually) Prerequisite:  Successful completion of two semesters of EQ 101. 
 
EQ 202 Hunter Seat Equitation II
2 credits (fulfills equitation requirement)
Instruction includes schooling in the various forms of the gaits, riding ring etiquette and safety, and development of competency and/or increasing competency in the hunter seat.  More advanced riding theory, additional equipment usage, appropriate flatwork exercises, jumping and show ring procedures are included. A student may repeat this course once for credit.  There is an additional fee for each course. (Offered annually)  Prerequisite:  Successful completion of two semesters of EQ 102.
 
EQ 203 Dressage II
2 credits (fulfills equitation requirement)
Instruction includes schooling in the continuing refinement of the dressage seat, various forms of the gaits and paces within the gaits (with emphasis on improvement by use of the training scale), figures, movements up to and including USEF “First Level”, lateral work, riding ring etiquette and safety, and development of  increasing competency in dressage. Some more advanced work (medium gaits and more advanced lateral work) will also be included, dependent upon the progression of the rider and horses.  Emphasis will continue to be placed upon the logical sequencing of movements in a training program, per the training scale.  More advanced riding theory through the use of current and previous textbooks, lecture and application of this while riding will be stressed.  USEF show ring procedures are included. A student may repeat this course once for credit.  There is an additional fee for each course. (Offered annually) Prerequisite:  Successful completion of two semesters of EQ 103.

EQ 204 Reining II
2 credits (fulfills equitation requirement)
Instruction includes all reining maneuvers, slow small and large fast circles, spins, lead changes, rollbacks, sliding stops and back-ups.  These maneuvers are done in a specific order, which are called patterns.  These patterns will be performed with a higher degree of competence (than in EQ104) by students at the end of the semester.  The student will also gain further knowledge of the NRHA judging system.  Riding theory, equipment usage, patterns and show ring procedures are included. A student may repeat this course once for credit.  There is an additional fee for each course. (Offered annually) Prerequisite:  Successful completion of two semesters of EQ 104.
 
EQ 205 Pleasure Driving II
2 credits (fulfills equitation requirement)
Instruction includes further knowledge of the harness, carriage and hitching the driving horse, driving etiquette and safety, and development of competency and/or increasing competency in driving in both indoor and outdoor settings.  Additional harness and vehicle types will be discussed. More advanced show driving, obstacle and cones driving as well as cross country driving practices and procedures are included. A student may repeat this course once for credit.  There is an additional fee for each course. (Offered fall semester) Prerequisite:  Successful completion of two semesters of EQ 105.

EQ 206 Schooling and Competition Techniques for Show Jumpers
2 credits (CS)

This is a mounted course in which the student will become familiar with the techniques of preparing and showing horses in the Jumper Divisions. This course is designed for students with extensive experience in the show ring at recognized shows. In this class, students will negotiate courses such as those which appear in advanced equitation classes and jumper classes in the show ring. They will practice turns and gymnastic exercises, as well as do flatwork beneficial for show jumpers. Students will also become familiar with techniques for training competitive show jumpers. Methods of course construction and analysis along with the USEF rules for jumper competitions will be discussed. A student may repeat this course once for credit and this course counts for riding class requirements. Riding theory, equipment usage and show ring procedures are included. There is an additional fee for the course. Prerequisite: At least two hunterseat riding courses at Cazenovia and evaluation by instructor to assess safety and competence at this higher level of riding and jumping.

EQ 207 Schooling and Competition Techniques for Show Hunters
2 credits (CS)

This is a mounted course in which the student will become familiar with the techniques of preparing and showing horses in the Hunter Divisions. This course is designed for students with some experience in the show ring. In this class, students will negotiate courses such as those which appear in hunter classes at USEF horse shows. They will practice flat and jumping exercises designed to improve the movement and jumping form of horses suitable for the hunter ring. Students will also become familiar with the techniques for training competitive show hunters. Methods of course construction and analysis along with the USEF rules for hunter competitions will be discussed. A student may repeat this course once for credit and this course counts for riding class requirements. Riding theory, equipment usage and show ring procedures are included. There is an additional fee for the course. Prerequisite: At least one hunterseat riding course at Cazenovia and evaluation by instructor to assess safety and competence at this higher level of riding and jumping.

EQ 220 Equine Nutrition
4 credits (CS/AS)

Students study the theoretical and practical aspects associated with the science and art of equine nutrition. The topics of digestive anatomy and physiology are reviewed; classes of nutrients and feeds in which they are contained are discussed and the relationship between quality feeds and top performance is explored. Also included: feeding various classes of horses and current topics in equine nutrition. A weekly laboratory session provides time for forage and concentrate identification along with studying techniques of ration analysis. Nutritional disorders are covered along with the relationship between nutrition and proper conditioning. (Offered on a rotating basis) Prerequisite: SM 117 Diversity of Life or SM 118 Cellular and Molecular Biology.

EQ 223 Competitive Horse Judging
1 credit (CS)

Students further develop skills learned in EQ 121 Equine Selection, Improvement, Judging. This is accomplished through horse judging practices, as well as formal competition. Students enrolling during the fall term will compete in the All American Quarter Horse Congress Judging Contest while students enrolling during the spring term will compete in the Intercollegiate Horse Show Association Judging Contest. Students may enroll more than once for credit. (Offered on a rotating basis)

EQ 230 Concepts and Methods in Horse Training
3 credits (CS)

This course is concerned with the theory and techniques of schooling young or problem horses to ride and drive. Various methods and procedures are covered, and students are given the opportunity to apply them. Emphasis is placed on understanding horses’ behavior as it relates to humane care and training. The psychology of the horse is studied. Proper use of equipment is stressed in actual practice. (Offered on a rotating basis)  Prerequisites: EQ 110 Introduction to Equine Studies and at least one riding course.

EQ 241 Theory and Methods of Equitation Instruction I
3 credits (CS)

Students examine the theories behind the various riding techniques. They study methods of effective teaching, including ways of dealing with riders who differ in their abilities, age, experience and comfort level. They learn how to organize and present a lesson. Students observe actual teaching and training sessions with several industry professionals. They discuss objectives and methods with the instructor. When ready, students assume the role of instructor with responsibility (under appropriate supervision) for the instruction of other students. (Offered alternate year fall term) Prerequisite: at least one riding class.

EQ 242 Theory and Methods of Equitation Instruction II
3 credits (CS)

A continuation of EQ 241 Theory and Methods of Equitation Instruction I. Students complete independent student teaching assignments and continue to learn more advanced teaching and training techniques. Riding Instructor Certification Programs are discussed and the American Riding Instructor's Association (ARIA) is studied in depth. Students are given the opportunity to become certified through the American Riding Instructor's Association (ARIA) toward the end of the semester when the testing is offered at Cazenovia College. (Offered alternate year spring term)  Prerequisite: EQ 241 Theory and Methods of Equitation Instruction I.

EQ 265 Horse Show Management
3 credits (CS)

Students learn the mechanics of planning and managing a horse show. They become familiar with the U.S. Equestrian Federation (USEF) rulebook and the principles of judging. Students will learn the roles of manager, secretary, treasurer, ring steward, announcer, course designer, jump crew and paddock master. All methods of managing a successful horse show will be examined. Other equine events including clinics, horse trials and open houses are discussed. The class sponsors and organizes a horse show. (Offered alternate year spring term)

EQ 270 Equine Photography
3 credits (CS)

This course focuses on basic photographic techniques using the horse as a subject. Emphasis is placed on correct techniques for halter and performance horse photography for use in promotion and sales. A variety of photographic imaging – from conventional to digital – may be covered. The course does not involve darkroom work. Students must be prepared to incur costs of an appropriate digital camera and mounting of final project pieces. (Offered on a rotating basis)

EQ 285 Equine Studies Internship
1-6 credits (CS)

Students who choose to participate in an equine internship have the opportunity to select their own area of emphasis (e.g. breeding, training, instruction) and to work off-campus under professional guidance to increase their knowledge and experience. They will work with the equine internship coordinator to find appropriate placement. No transportation is provided. Forty internship hours equate to 1 credit hour. (Offered every semester)  Prerequisite: Sophomore standing in the Equine Business Management specialization and appropriate level of skill relative to site placement; the program director of Equine Business Management has final approval of all internship placements.
 
EQ 301 Western Horsemanship III
2 credits (fulfills equitation requirement)
Instruction includes refinement of position and schooling in the various forms of the gaits, riding ring etiquette and safety, increasing competency in pattern work and trail class work and overall increasing competency in the western seat.  More advanced riding theory, additional equipment usage for specific schooling or showing situations, patterns, and show ring procedures are included. A student may repeat this course once for credit.  There is an additional fee for each course. (Offered annually) Prerequisite:  Successful completion of two semesters of EQ 201 Western Horsemanship II. 
 
EQ 302 Hunter Seat Equitation III
2 credits (fulfills equitation requirement)
Instruction includes schooling in the various forms of the gaits, riding ring etiquette and safety, and increasing competency in the hunter seat.  More advanced riding theory, equipment usage for specific schooling or showing situations, flatwork appropriate for the hunter, jumper or equitation horse, exercises over fences for the hunter, jumper or equitation horse and coursework and show ring procedures are included. A student may repeat this course once for credit.  There is an additional fee for each course. (Offered annually) Prerequisite:  Successful completion of two semesters of EQ 202 Hunter Seat Equitation II. 
 
EQ 303 Dressage III
2 credits (fulfills equitation requirement)
Instruction includes schooling in the refinement of the dressage seat, basic gaits and paces within the gaits (with emphasis on improvement by use of the training scale), figures, movements up to and including USEF “First Level”, lateral work, riding ring etiquette and safety, and development of competency and/or increasing competency in dressage. Some more advanced work (medium gaits and more advanced lateral work) may also be included, dependent upon the progression of the rider and horses.  Emphasis will be placed upon the logical sequencing of movements in a training program.  Show ring procedures are included. A student may repeat this course once for credit.  There is an additional fee for each course. (Offered annually) Prerequisite:  Successful completion of two semesters of EQ 203 Dressage II.
 
EQ 304 Reining III
2 credits (fulfills equitation requirement)
Instruction includes all reining maneuvers, slow small and large fast circles, spins, lead changes, rollbacks, sliding stops and back-ups.  These maneuvers are done in a specific order, which are called patterns.  These patterns will be performed with a higher degree of competence (than in EQ104 & 204) by students at the end of the semester.  The student will also gain further knowledge of the NRHA judging system in order to score runs.  More advanced riding theory, additional equipment usage, patterns and show ring procedures are included. A student may repeat this course once for credit.  There is an additional fee for each course. (Offered annually) Prerequisite:  Successful completion of two semesters of EQ 204 Reining II.

EQ 321 Equine Diseases and Injuries I
3 credits (CS/AS)

The student studies the theoretical and practical aspects of disease and applies this information to the study of diseases of the horse. Recognition of normality and degree of deviation from normal are stressed along with preventive medicine. The laboratory sessions emphasize skills such as measuring vital signs, recognizing deviations from normal behavior/attitude/measures of health as well as skills such as administering medications. (Offered fall term) Students must pass with a "C" or better.  Prerequisite: SM 215 Equine Anatomy and Physiology.

EQ 322 Equine Diseases and Injuries II
3 credits (CS/AS)

A continuation of EQ 321 Equine Disease & Injuries I, this course places its emphasis on lameness encompassing muscle, bone and joint disorders associated with the performance horse, as well as neurological disorders. The discussion of treatment and prevention is emphasized, as well as X-ray analysis. The laboratory portion involves analysis of actual and theoretical cases to ensure the appropriate application of knowledge gained through the lectures/discussions. (Offered spring term)  Prerequisite: EQ 321 Equine Diseases and Injuries I.

EQ 323 Equine Reproductive Management
3 credits (CS)

The theoretical and applied aspects of the equine reproductive industry are studied. Topics covered include mare and stallion reproductive anatomy and physiology, prenatal development, foaling, neonatal care, reproductive technologies including semen collection and evaluation, artificial insemination, cooled and frozen semen techniques, record keeping and current breeding management topics. Some practical aspects of genetics and pedigree selection may be included. This course is the basis to the reproductive management certificate and must be taken prior to EQ 324, EQ 327 and EQ 427. (Offered fall term) Prerequisite: SM 117 Diversity of Life or SM 118 Cellular and Molecular Biology.  Prerequisite or co-requisite: SM 215 Equine Anatomy and Physiology.

EQ 324 Breeding Lab Management and Design
1 credit (CS)

This course is a practical application course centered on the breeding lab. Students utilize the breeding lab at the Equine Education Center to gain knowledge of equipment, inventory control, and budgetary aspects of this field in the equine industry. Students are required to complete a breeding lab analysis culminating in a breeding lab inventory project. (Offered spring term alternate years)  Prerequisites: SM 215 Equine Anatomy and Physiology, EQ 323 Equine Reproductive Management.

EQ 327 Breeding and Foaling Management I
1 credit (CS)

This course is a practical application course centered on the breeding of horses and foaling of mares. Students are required to participate in approximately 60+ hours of experiences that may include: teasing mares, training stallions to the phantom, live cover breeding, collection of stallions, semen evaluation, artificial insemination, foal watch, and handling of foals. (Offered spring term)  Prerequisites: SM 215 Equine Anatomy and Physiology, EQ 323 Equine Reproductive Management.

EQ 330 Advanced Concepts and Methods in Horse Training
3 credits (CS)

A continuation of EQ 230 Concepts and Methods in Horse Training, this course further hones the student’s skills at developing abilities in the horse. Emphasis is placed on directing and modifying the response of a horse to a given cue. (Offered on a rotating basis)  Prerequisite: EQ 230 Concepts and Methods in Horse Training, and permission of instructor.

EQ 341 Techniques of Show Coaching
3 credits (CS)

The student learns the various aspects of coaching including preparation of horses and riders for participation in intercollegiate and USEF horse shows in the hunter, jumper and equitation divisions. Students wishing to specialize in other disciplines may likewise be accommodated. (Offered fall term alternate years)  Prerequisites: EQ 241 Theory and Methods of Equitation I and EQ 242 Theory & Methods of Equitation II, and/or permission of the instructor.

EQ 345 Therapeutic Riding Instruction
3 credits (CS)

Working with a local organization for riding for the physically and mentally challenged, students learn various techniques for teaching the challenged rider. This course requires additional outside time spent at an off-campus facility. (Currently offered on an independent basis.)
 
EQ 401 Western Horsemanship IV
2 credits (fulfills equitation requirement)
Instruction includes refinement of position and schooling in the various forms of the gaits, riding ring etiquette and safety, increasing competency in pleasure, rail & pattern work, trail class work, western riding patterns and overall increasing competency in the western seat.  More advanced riding theory, additional equipment usage for specific schooling or showing situations, patterns, and show ring procedures are included. A student may repeat this course once for credit.  There is an additional fee for each course. (Offered annually) Prerequisite:  Successful completion of two semesters of EQ 301 Western Horsemanship III. 
 
EQ 402 Hunter Seat Equitation IV
2 credits (fulfills equitation requirement)
Instruction includes schooling in the various forms of the gaits (working, “collected”, lengthened, “extended”), riding ring etiquette and safety, and development of competency and/or increasing competency in the hunter seat.  More advanced riding theory, equipment usage for appropriate training, schooling or show ring situations, flatwork including refinement of longitudinal and lateral work to increase the horse’s training and physique, exercises over fences for the hunter, jumper or equitation horse as well as coursework and show ring procedures are included. A student may repeat this course once for credit.  There is an additional fee for each course. (Offered annually) Prerequisite:  Successful completion of two semesters of EQ 302 Hunter Seat Equitation III. 
 
EQ 403 Dressage IV
2 credits (fulfills equitation requirement)
Instruction includes schooling in the ever continuing refinement of the dressage seat, schooling and enhancing the gaits and paces within the gaits (with emphasis on improvement by use of the training scale), figures, movements including USEF “First Level” and higher, lateral work, riding ring etiquette and safety, and increasing competency in dressage. More advanced work (medium gaits and more advanced lateral work) will also be included, dependent upon the progression of the rider and horses.  Emphasis will be placed upon the logical sequencing of movements in a training program, per the training scale and in the context of correcting individual training issues exhibited by the horses.  In most cases students will have one horse as a training project for the semester.  Show ring procedures are included. A student may repeat this course once for credit.  There is an additional fee for each course. (Offered annually) Prerequisite: Successful completion of two semesters of EQ 303 Dressage III.

EQ 404 Reining IV
2 credits (fulfills equitation requirement)
Instruction includes all reining maneuvers, slow small and large fast circles, spins, lead changes, rollbacks, sliding stops and back-ups.  These maneuvers are done in a specific order, which are called patterns.  These patterns will be performed with a higher degree of competence (than in EQ104, 204 or 304) by students at the end of the semester.  The student will also gain further knowledge of the NRHA judging system in order to score entire runs. More advanced riding theory, additional equipment usage, patterns and show ring procedures are included. A student may repeat this course once for credit.  There is an additional fee for each course. (Offered annually) Prerequisite: Successful completion of two semesters of EQ 304 Reining III.

EQ 426 Equine Medical Management
3 credits (CS)
The student will continue to gain more advanced hands-on experience in the application and management of equine treatments and medications though both lecture and practical laboratory work at the Equine Education Center.  The student is provided with the opportunity to assist a veterinarian, farrier and dentist; therefore some field hours in addition to normal course hours may be necessary.  (Offered fall term, often on an Independent Study basis.)  Prerequisite: EQ 321 Equine Diseases and Injuries I and EQ 322 Equine Diseases and Injuries II.

EQ 427 Breeding and Foaling Management II
2-3 credits (CS)

This course is a continuation of the experiences in EQ 327 and is designed to ensure that students receive adequate exposure to all phases of breeding and foaling management. The hours involved with this course will exceed those required for EQ 327. Students in this course are also required to undertake the study of the contractual relationships that arrive from breeding management. (Offered spring term)  Prerequisites: EQ 323 Equine Reproductive Management, EQ 324 Breeding Lab Design and Management, EQ 327 Breeding and Foaling Management I.

EQ 456 Advanced Equine Reproductive Techniques
0.5 credits (CS)

The purpose of this course is to inform and to instruct students in the theories and methods of advanced techniques involved with the equine breeding business. This includes: freezing stallion semen, potential observation of deep horn insemination, uterine flushes and other procedures. As equine reproduction continues to adapt technologies that are standard in other livestock breeding businesses, the knowledge of why and how technologies can be used will be more useful among students pursuing coursework in equine reproductive management. Prerequisites: EQ 323 Equine Reproductive Management,  EQ 327 Breeding and Foaling Management I, EQ 427 Breeding and Foaling Management II.